Is Ukraine’s New Prime Minister a Jew?

Is Ukraine’s New Prime Minister a Jew?

by DC Dave


A few days ago I received an email sent out to a number of people that proclaimed excitedly that the new interim prime minister of Ukraine, Arseniy Yatsenyuk, is a Jew.  The evidence presented in support of the assertion was this sentence on his Wikipedia page: “He was born to in a family of Jewish-Ukrainian professors of the Chernivtsi University.” The fact that he says that he is now a Ukrainian Greek Catholic, also noted on the Wikipedia page, was discounted by the sender of the email as simply a matter of convenience for him.

My own view is that people should not be evaluated based upon who their antecedents were or are but upon who “they” are.  I expressed that view with my poem, “Against Birthism,” some time ago:

I think that people should be assessed

On individual worth,

Not, as is all too often done,

On accident of birth.

Sergey Ratushniak

“Anti-Semite” Sergey Ratushniak

Not everyone thinks that way, though.  In 2009 a political opponent of Yatsenyuk, Uzhgorod Mayor Sergey Ratushniak according to Interfax News Agency said, “Impudent Jew Yatsenyuk, who was successfully serving to thieves, who are at power in Ukraine, is using criminal money to plow ahead towards Ukraine’s presidency.”

Anti-Jewish feeling is still strong among many Ukrainians, not in a small part for the genocidal policies imposed upon them by Joseph Stalin, many of whose top henchmen were Jewish.  Even though the post-Communist, Vladimir Putin-run Russia has reflected Russia’s own anti-Jewish backlash from the Bolshevik era, the most ardent of current Ukrainian nationalists tend to lump Russians and Jews together as alien meddlers in Ukraine:

“There is a need for Ukraine to be finally returned to Ukrainians” from the “Muscovite-Jewish mafia that runs Ukraine today.”


Arseniy Yatsenyuk (a Jew?) and Oleh Tyahnybok (a neo-Nazi?) buddy-buddy with John “Insane” McCain

Nationalist leader Oleh Tyahnybok spoke those words in a speech ten years ago.  Most recently he was one of the key figures along with Yatsenyuk in the ouster of President Viktor Yanyukovich.  Politics, as they say, makes strange bedfellows.

Returning to the title question, more than raw emotion or political demagoguery can be behind the labeling of Yatsenyuk as a Jew.  Orthodox Jews, as it turns out, agree with Mayor Ratushniak that regardless of the religion that he currently professes, Yatsenyuk is a Jew.  With them, accident of birth is everything.  His mother was a Jew so he’s a Jew as they see it.

The Larger Perspective

This bloodline-based view, of course, is very far from the Christian position.  As a professed convert to Christianity, Yatsenyuk should be embraced.

Within the entire context, however, there are, indeed, reasons to be wary of Yatsenyuk’s profession of the Christian faith.  First, there is the local context of Ukraine.  The Jewish Virtual Library reports that since the fall of the Soviet Union, 80% of Ukraine’s Jews have left the country.  This is a truly remarkable exodus, taking place, as it has, in little more than two decades.  That same Jewish web site states, “Many Ukrainian citizens still distrust Ukrainian Jews and believe that the Jews’ primary loyalty is to the Jewish people and not to the Ukrainian nation.” The formerly large Jewish community, descended mainly from ancient Khazaria, is now down to only .2% of the population of Ukraine according to the CIA’s World Fact Book.  All indications are that anyone with political ambition who openly professes to be Jewish would face quite an uphill climb.

Then there is the larger historical context.  Here is the Wikipedia definition for something that has been a rather widespread practice for a long time:  “Crypto-Judaism is the secret adherence to Judaism while publicly professing to be of another faith; practitioners are referred to as ‘crypto-Jews’ (origin from Greek kryptos – κρυπτός, ‘hidden’).”  The practice is often excused as the natural response to forced conversion or expulsion from the country such as occurred in Spain.  The “force” motivating the “conversion” can be less draconian, however.  It can simply be social pressure, of the type we currently see in Ukraine.  Even in Spain, there is a bit of a chicken and egg problem when it comes to the question of forced conversion and crypto-Judaism.  The Spanish Inquisition began in 1478 and the expulsion order came in 1492.  A major motive for the Inquisition was that many actual Jews, of the same group that had frequently acted as a fifth column within Christian Spain in their struggle with the Moors for control of the Iberian Peninsula, had risen to positions of power and influence within the church and the state by pretending to be Christians.

Unfortunately for Mr. Yatsenyuk, his accident of birth, his heritage, places him almost automatically under a cloud of suspicion when he says that he is a Christian.  The heritage goes back much farther than the 15th century, as well.  The following is from page 159 of Gilad Atzmon’s The Wandering Who? A Study of Jewish Identity Politics:


Gilad Atzmon

Both in Exodus and The Book of Esther, the author of the text manages to predict the kind of accusations that would be leveled against Jews for centuries to come, such as power-seeking, tribalism and treachery.

As in the Holocaust religion, in the Book of Esther it is the Jews who believe in themselves, in their own power, in their uniqueness, sophistication, ability to conspire, ability to take over kingdoms, ability to save themselves.  The Book of Esther is all about empowerment.  It conveys the essence and metaphysics of Jewish power.

Within that context, the practice of crypto-Judaism for the purpose of power seeking falls under the larger and more serious category of treachery.  Anyone who might tend to doubt the treachery charge is invited to read my article, “The Zionist Mentality and Method” or to study the Lavon Affair or the assault on the USS Liberty.  Anyone familiarizing himself with those episodes will be much more inclined to believe the allegations that Jewish treachery was behind the James Forrestal and John Kennedy assassinations and the outrage of 9/11.

Perhaps the most important context in which to examine the ethnicity of Arseniy Yatsenyuk is that of the rivalry between the United States and Russia, while looking at who really runs things in each country.  Russia under Putin appears to be coming to grips with the damage to its society wrought by the excessive power wielded in the country by the Jews.  As such, Russia may be described as in its post-Two Hundred Years Together period, referring to Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s two-volume work that has still not been made available to the English-speaking world.  For its part, the United States has never been more in Jewish thrall than it is currently (also see video below).

Ukraine lies right at the fault line between a post-atheist-Communist Russia that is returning to its Christian roots and the clearly Jewish-dominated U.S. Empire.

When we bear that in mind the intercepted telephone conversation between U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Geoffry Pyatt and Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland in which Nuland uttered the obscenity directed at the European Union takes on added significance:

Pyatt: I think we’re in play. The Klitschko [Vitaly Klitschko, one of three main opposition leaders] piece is obviously the complicated electron here. Especially the announcement of him as deputy prime minister and you’ve seen some of my notes on the troubles in the marriage right now so we’re trying to get a read really fast on where he is on this stuff. But I think your argument to him, which you’ll need to make, I think that’s the next phone call you want to set up, is exactly the one you made to Yats. And I’m glad you sort of put him on the spot on where he fits in this scenario.

Nuland: I think Yats is the guy who’s got the economic experience, the governing experience. He’s the… what he needs is Klitsch and Tyahnybok on the outside. He needs to be talking to them four times a week, you know. I just think Klitsch going in…he’s going to be at that level working for Yatseniuk, it’s just not going to work.

Pyatt: Yeah, no, I think that’s right. OK. Good. Do you want us to set up a call with him as the next step?

Nuland: My understanding from that call – but you tell me – was that the big three were going into their own meeting and that Yats was going to offer in that context a… three-plus-one conversation or three-plus-two with you. Is that not how you understood it?


Ms Nuland pointing out
her husband’s shortcomings


Mr Nuland
aka Robert Kagan

Nuland, whose family name was originally Nudelman, is the wife of prominent neocon Robert Kagan, a co-founder of the Project for a New American Century (PNAC), noted for the 2000 document “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” that speaks wistfully about the inevitably slow pace of massively increased military mobilization and a more aggressive foreign policy, primarily in the Middle East, in the absence of “a new Pearl Harbor.”   In the intercepted phone call Nuland reveals a certain closeness to “Yats,” with whom she has clearly been in contact and who is her choice for the position that he currently holds.  The call also reveals that in our meddling in the Ukraine we have also been cultivating the nationalist firebrand, Oleh Tyahnybok, apparently upon the theory that anyone would be better than the pro-Russia elected president Yanyukovich, though Nuland wants him “on the outside” advising.  This playing with fire is reminiscent of the same sort of thing that we have done in Syria and Libya.

More Treachery?

When I was well into this essay, on Wednesday, March 6, evidence of just the sort of treachery we are talking about came to light with respect to developments in Ukraine.  A second important telephone call has been intercepted and put on the Internet.  In this case it is between the foreign minister of Estonia, Urmas Paet, and EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton (POST edited: see video below)

In that telephone call Paet reveals that the fatalities among anti-government demonstrators in Kiev and the ones among police were likely caused by the same provocateurs:

Paet: “All the evidence shows that people who were killed by snipers from both sides, policemen and people from the streets, that they were the same snipers killing people from both sides. … Some photos that showed it is the same handwriting, the same type of bullets, and it is really disturbing that now the new coalition they don’t want to investigate what exactly happened. So there is now stronger and stronger understanding that behind the snipers, it was not Yanukovych, but it was somebody from the new coalition.”

Ashton: “I think we do want to investigate. I mean, I didn’t pick that up, that’s interesting. Gosh.”

Paet: “It already discreditates (sic) this new coalition.”

Indeed it does, but continuing the same “treachery” theme, while the news of this important new phone intercept was reported in the British mainstream press, U.S. mainstream news coverage the first day was confined to brief online mention in the magazine New RepublicOn the second day, CNN and Reuters had stories confirming that the phone tape was completely authentic but with an accompanying statement from Paet that his words didn’t mean what they clearly seem to mean.  With those small exceptions, this important news has been blacked out by a national press that has been busy whipping up anti-Russian and anti-Putin fervor and support for the odd lot now running Ukraine.


To our knowledge, the major U.S. news organs have made no mention at all of interim Prime Minister Yatsenyuk’s ethnic or religious affiliations.  Should they do so one can be virtually certain that he will simply be blandly called a Ukrainian Greek Catholic.  As we have seen, one who might suggest otherwise is not necessarily bigoted or rigidly Orthodox; rather, he is prudent.

David Martin

March 6, 2014

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12 thoughts on “Is Ukraine’s New Prime Minister a Jew?

  1. yea, he’s a jew. no one converts to one of the ceremonial branches of Christianity for any other reason than outward display…

    althoughhhhhhhh…. actually, under the current pope, Catholicism and Judaism appear to not contradict each other at all, since he asserts, “We hold the Jewish people in special regard because their covenant with God has never been revoked…” it would actually seem possible for the Khazars to first convert to Judaism in the middle ages despite their non-Jewish ancestry, AND then convert to Catholicism in the 21st century without believing in any of the moral teachings of Jesus, much less his divinity, since their “covenant” is still in effect, acting like a “get out of hell free” card in a catholic monopoly game.


  2. if you have a strong stomach, check out Roger Cohen’s opinion piece in jew York times…. he takes the standard view, but somehow relates it to the fucking holocaust, stalin and contemporary jewish ‘rights’… or something… I couldn’t read it, just too disgusting…. it needs a good debunking and ridicule, but i find it too distasteful to handle… like unclogging a sewage pipe…

    the history and forces at work in Ukraine have been hidden in the shadows for too long, its hard for me to sort out what the various players’ interests are. they’re obviously more complex than the standard bipolar conflicts. the only thing for sure is that International Jewry and U.S. politicans’ interests coincide perfectly. does America’s? doubtful, but until someone casts out the money changers and cancel’s their debt and usury, we’re all dependent on them to preserve our luxurious, convenient standards of living.


    • Here is another key quote from that Roger Cohen piece:

      “Last month my colleague Alison Smale filed a piece from Lviv in western Ukraine. It began: ‘Under a leaden sky that wept intermittent rain, this fiercely proud city bade farewell on Saturday to one of its sons, a 28-year-old university lecturer killed by a bullet on Thursday in Kiev in the carnage on and around Independence Square.’”

      Cohen’s newspaper and America’s major news organs are now suppressing the news that, in all likelihood, that fatal bullet and many others came from provocateurs. So much for Cohen’s love of the truth.


      • With a name like “Cohen”, shouldn’t we all fall all over ourselves believing the person to be magnanimous in word, action and deed? Or is it that they only seem beneficent when it fits their propagandized storyline?



  3. Before we can move forward we must ascertain what a Jew is and what he is not.
    There is no point in asking a Jew for a definition.
    All you will get is “who is asking and for what purpose”?
    Along with a diatribe going nowhere.
    Is anyone here familiar with the tomb “When Victims Rule”?
    What about “Chosen People of the Caucasus”?


  4. It is not correct to say that just because someone supposedly embraces the Christian faith that they would be welcomed by Christianity. First, Christianity needs to be defined because there are many different sects of Christianity. For example, most Christian identity sects would not allow fellowship with a “Jewish convert”. Many sects would however, believing that these impostors are Judah and Israel of biblical fame. This is the main problem with mainstream “Christianity” much of which is totally apostate.

    As a believer in Christ I have wrestled with this question and I think the Greek scriptures gives us the answer. If one “converts” to Christianity and is “Jewish”, that person, I would surmise, would have to admit that first, they are not Judah or Israel physically. Secondly, they would have to admit their true ancestry which in the case would be Ashkenaz from Japeth and not Shem. Lastly, they would have to fight by exposing these impostors of Israel and Judah while also awakening white/European peoples to their true ethnic Identity as the tribes of Judah and Israel, otherwise, they ought to be considered infiltrators and banished from our ranks.


  5. More to the point-is the execrable Baroness Ashton a Jew? Never elected, never had a proper job but strangely promoted in the media as the woman who saved Syria from the abyss via her prominent EU position-who is she?

    She works for the Roths just Yatsenyuk and all the other Euro placemen they have in Greece, Italy and everywhere else.


  6. On those snipers, see “Everyone agrees snipers a false flat” at…-they-only-argue-abou

    So the AP is finally reporting the news of the snipers, but with this new spin that the Russians might have been responsible. But who’s even seen this AP story? It wasn’t in the Washington Post or the national evening news, to my knowledge.


  7. Science Association, Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya
    Shardanagar, Malegaon ( Baramati) Dist. Pune – 413115.
    ———————————————————————————————————————– “Dr. APIS” SOCIAL SPECTRUM
    ———————————————————————————————————————Objective: Establishment of the Repository of Social Information For The Society.
    24 August: Independence Day of Ukraine
    Independence Day of Ukraine (Ukrainian: День незалежності України) is the main state holiday in modern Ukraine,[nb 1] celebrated on August 24[2] in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence of 1991.[3]
    The holiday was first celebrated on 16 July 1991, as the first anniversary of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine passed by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine’s parliament) in 1990.[3][4] Since the Declaration of Independence was issued later, and confirmed by the referendum of 1 December 1991, the date of the holiday was changed.[5] (In December 1991 many Ukrainian Canadians expected that 1 December would become Ukraine’s official independence day.)[6]
    Beginning in 2004, 23 August is celebrated as the Day of the National Flag.[7]
    In general, the main celebration at the state level held in Kiev, Ukraine president traditionally gives a reception Independence Day. Also, the first person in the country lay flowers at the monuments to famous Ukrainian (mostly monuments to Vladimir the Great, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Michael Grushevskij and Taras Shevchenko) and participate in prayer for Ukraine, which is traditionally held in St. Sophia’s Cathedral with the participation of all denominations available in Ukraine. Over the last few years to the Independence Day of Ukraine in the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, military parades were held (1998, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2009) and organized concerts and celebrations. Every year the holiday attractions in the capital city is the flower exhibition in the Crypt of the park, whose slopes at that time is always covered with bright colors of flowers, all of which are confined to form a different holiday images and a great concert. Celebrating crowned night fireworks. However, in 2010 Ukraine’s Independence Day military parade in Kiev was not planned. Issues with fireworks in Kiev also had interesting content for one side first Ukrainian News reported that it is planned to carry out, on the other hand was subsequently issued an order of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine to allow its conduct. Also, Independence Day 2010 Ukrainian remember is that for the first time in many years there was a single divine service in St. Sophia’s Cathedral in the presence of the President and representatives of different faiths represented in Ukraine. They prayed for Ukraine in various churches.
    Sculpture “Diana” of one of the fountains Market Square in Lviv embroidered shirt. 2009 It has become a tradition that Independence Day in Lviv citizens wear embroidery, so in the morning city flourishing with the colors of embroidered shirts, which are encoded ancient signs, symbols on the health and well-being, which is particularly activated on the day of celebration. The celebration is not limited to one day, it takes a few days and combines the International Folklore Festival “Etnovyr” Independent Film Festival “KinoLev” concerts, parade embroidery, children’s events and more. Lviv Independence Day since 2008, sculptures of Greek gods, crowned fountains Market Square, absorb embroidery [19]. Luck [ed.] In Lutsk Independence Day will host the fourth “Ukrainian embroidery.” This year the town square – the Square Theater – residents and visitors of the city lay in embroidered trident with a cross above mean “tooth.” Considered several options for presenting figures or “writing” the words, as in previous years – “Luck”, “Ukraine”. However, the organizers settled on authentic drills. All participants stocks deliver memorable identity. Participants will be awarded in various categories, including “The biggest family in national costumes”, “honorable member in an embroidered shirt”, “smallest participant in an embroidered shirt”, “most original embroidery”, “shirt generations”, “Harmony of mind and heart” (for couples), “Naypatriotychnishyy grandparents” and so on. First event “Ukrainian embroidery” was held in Lutsk in 2007
    Ceremonial raising of the National Flag of Ukraine in Odessa. In celebration of Independence Day in Odessa were: festival music competition and embroidered Ukrainian songs to the words of Taras Shevchenko, raising 19-meter banner over the Potemkin Stairs, exhibitions and round tables, rewarding leaders of public and religious organizations in the city. In 2010, the festival was held in Odessa Vyshyvankovyy 2010. In churches of various denominations of Odessa celebrated prayers for Ukraine and Ukrainian people.
    The ongoing celebrations in the city, in the central Freedom Square is traditionally held in the evening concert performances of pop stars and officials, which ends with fireworks. On the eve of holidays – August 23, Kharkiv celebrates City Day, and the largest festivities take place on that day, not on Independence Day.
    Outside Ukraine
    August 24, 2011 the capital of the European Union has traditionally celebrates Independence Day of Ukraine. The world-famous symbol of Brussels – “The boy that pees” (niderl. Manneken Pis) on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Ukraine’s independence was dressed in a suit of Prince Yaroslav the Wise of Kievan Rus, and Brussels one day become the epicenter of Ukrainian holidays. At the initiative of the European Association of Ukrainians in the heart of Europe held events to promote Ukraine.
    It has become a tradition that every year on August 24 in Chicago takes place a gala concert and festivities to celebrate the anniversary of independence of Ukraine. 2010 celebration staged at “Smith Park” Chicago, where the native language was heard on every side, and one could see dozens of blue and yellow flags. Located In the middle of the field scenes flowed charming, vibrant Ukrainian songs interspersed inflammatory authentic dances performed by many Ukrainian dance groups in many states. All interested persons have the opportunity to enjoy various dishes of Ukrainian cuisine. Located close to local fairs Ukrainian craftsmen put rows of embroidery that are fascinated by its beauty.
    After 19 years of independence Ukraine Ukrainian youth participants of the Ukrainian Youth Club, living and studying in Moscow, held a flash mob called “Nineteen”, symbolizing unity and participation of the native state. Armed with Ukrainian symbolics young people marched through Moscow places associated with Ukraine on the way by conducting a survey among Russians in terms of knowledge dates – Independence Day of Ukraine and the Ukrainian language understanding. Organizers flash mob laid flowers at the monument of Lesya Ukrainian, Taras Shevchenko and M. Gogol and tied them yellow and blue ribbons. The idea to hold this event on Independence Day Ukraine emerged among the participants of Ukrainian Youth Club back in 2009
    1. Poll: Independence Day a holiday for more than 60% of Ukrainians, Interfax-Ukraine (21 August 2013)
    2. How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy by Anders Åslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009, ISBN 978-0-88132-427-3 (page 185)
    3. b A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442610212 (page 722/723)
    4. Citizens of Ukraine mark 1 year of state sovereignty, The Ukrainian Weekly (21 July 1991)
    5. Ukraine Intelligence & Security Activities and Operations Handbook, International Business Publications, 2009, ISBN 0739716611 (page 268)
    6. Canada second to recognize Ukraine; establishing ties should go smoothly, The Ukrainian Weekly (8 December 1991).
    7. Ukraine celebrates National Flag Day, Xinhua News Agency (23 August 2012)
    Ceremony of hoisting Ukraine’s national flag held at presidential administration, Kyiv Post (23 August 2011) In July 2013 in a poll by Razumkov Centre 61% considered Independence Day a holiday, 30.4% “not a holiday, but an ordinary day off” and 6.1% agreed to “this should be a working day”.[1]

    File: Dr.APIS.24.August@Independence.Day.of.Ukraine
    Compiled For :
    Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Shardanagar; Tal. Baramati;
    Dist. Pune – 413115 (India).

    With the Best Compliments From: Shardanagar (The Agro – academic Heritage of Grandsire Padmashri Dr. D. G. Alias Appasaheb Pawar).


    Science Association, Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya
    Shardanagar, Malegaon ( Baramati) Dist. Pune – 413115.
    ———————————————————————————————————————– “Dr. APIS” SCIENCE LEAFLET
    ———————————————————————————————————————–Objective: Establishment of the Repository of Biography of Eminent Scholars and Related Scientific Information For The Society.
    Stork, The National Bird of Ukraine
    Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills. They belong to the family Ciconiidae. They are the only family in the order Ciconiiformes, which was once much larger and held a number of families.
    Storks dwell in many regions and tend to live in drier habitats than the closely related herons, spoonbills and ibises; they also lack the powder down that those groups use to clean off fish slime. Storks have no syrinx and are mute, giving no call; bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Many species are migratory. Most storks eat frogs, fish, insects, earthworms, small birds and small mammals. There are nineteen living species of storks in six genera.
    Various terms are used to refer to groups of storks,[1] two frequently used ones being a muster of storks and a phalanx of storks.
    Storks tend to use soaring, gliding flight, which conserves energy. Soaring requires thermal air currents. Ottomar Anschütz’s famous 1884 album of photographs of storks inspired the design of Otto Lilienthal’s experimental gliders of the late nineteenth century. Storks are heavy, with wide wingspans: the marabou stork, with a wingspan of 3.2 metres (10.5 feet) and weight up to 8 kg (18 lbs), joins the Andean condor in having the widest wingspan of all living land birds.
    Their nests are often very large and may be used for many years. Some nests have been known to grow to over two metres (six feet) in diameter and about three metres (ten feet) in depth. Storks were once thought to be monogamous, but this is only partially true. They may change mates after migrations, and may migrate without a mate. They tend to be attached to nests as much as partners.
    Storks’ size, serial monogamy, and faithfulness to an established nesting site contribute to their prominence in mythology and culture.
    The Modern English word can be traced back to Proto-Germanic *sturkaz. Nearly every Germanic language has a descendant of this proto-language word to indicate the (white) stork. Related names also occur in some Slavic languages, originating as Germanic loanwords.
    According to the New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, the Germanic root is probably related to the modern English “stark”, in reference to the stiff or rigid posture of a European species, the white stork. A non-Germanic word linked to it may be Greek torgos (“vulture”).
    In some West Germanic languages cognate words of a different etymology exist. They originate from *uda-faro, uda being related to water meaning something like swamp or moist area and faro being related to fare; so *uda-faro is something like he who walks in the swamp. In later times this name got reanalysed as *ōdaboro, ōda “fortune, wealth” + boro “bearer” meaning he who brings wealth adding to the myth of storks as maintainers of welfare and bringers of children.
    In Estonian, “stork” is toonekurg, which is derived from toonela (underworld in Estonian folklore) + kurg (crane). It may seem not to make sense to associate the now-common white stork with death, but at the times storks were named, the now-rare black stork was probably the more common species.
    The centres of stork diversity are in tropical Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, with eight and six breeding species respectively. Just three species are present in the New World: wood stork, maguari stork and jabiru, which is the largest flying bird of the Americas. Two species, white and black stork, reach Europe and western temperate Asia, while one species, Oriental stork, reaches temperate areas of eastern Asia, and one species, black-necked stork, is found in Australasia.[2]
    Kingdom: Animalia

    Phylum: Chordata

    Class: Aves

    Subclass: Neornithes

    Infraclass: Neognathae

    Superorder: Aequornithes

    Order: Ciconiiformes

    Family: Ciconiidae
    Gray, 1840



    Painted stork, Mycteria leucocephala

    Black-necked stork, Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus

    Marabou stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus

    Woolly-necked stork Ciconia episcopus with black-headed ibis

    A white stork on a flying buttress in Ávila, Spain

    A white stork in flight
    Following the development of research techniques in molecular biology in the late 20th century, in particular methods for studying DNA-DNA hybridization, a great deal of new information has surfaced, much of it suggesting that many birds, although looking very different from one another, are in fact more closely related than was previously thought. Accordingly, the radical and influential Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy greatly enlarged the Ciconiiformes, adding many more families, including most of those usually regarded as belonging to the Sphenisciformes (penguins), Gaviiformes (divers), Podicipediformes (grebes), Procellariiformes (tube-nosed seabirds), Charadriiformes, (waders, gulls, terns and auks), Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, gannets and allies), and the Falconiformes (diurnal birds of prey). The flamingo family, Phoenicopteridae, is related, and is sometimes classed as part of the Ciconiiformes.
    However, morphological evidence suggests that the traditional Ciconiiformes should be split between two lineages, rather than expanded, although some non-traditional Ciconiiformes may be included in these two lineages.
    The exact taxonomic placement of New World vultures remains unclear.[3] Though both are similar in appearance and have similar ecological roles, the New World and Old World vultures evolved from different ancestors in different parts of the world and are not closely related. Just how different the two families are is currently under debate, with some earlier authorities suggesting that the New World vultures belong in Ciconiiformes.[4] More recent authorities maintain their overall position in the order Falconiformes along with the Old World vultures[5] or place them in their own order, Cathartiformes.[6] The South American Classification Committee has removed the New World vultures from Ciconiiformes and instead placed them in Incertae sedis, but notes that a move to Falconiformes or Cathartiformes is possible.[3]
    Some official bodies have adopted the proposed Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy almost entirely; however, a more common approach worldwide has been to retain the traditional groupings, and modify rather than replace them in the light of new evidence as it comes to hand. The family listing here follows this more conservative practice. Bird taxonomy has been in a state of flux for some years, and it is reasonable to expect that the large differences between different classification schemes will continue gradually to resolve themselves as more evidence becomes available.
    A DNA study found that the families Ardeidae, Balaenicipitidae, Scopidae and the Threskiornithidae belong to the Pelecaniformes. This would make Ciconiidae the only group.
    Storks were distinct and possibly widespread by the Oligocene. Like most families of aquatic birds, storks seem to have arisen in the Palaeogene, maybe 40–50 million years ago (mya). For the fossil record of living genera, documented since the Middle Miocene (about 15 mya) at least in some cases, see the genus articles.
    Though some storks are highly threatened, no species or subspecies are known to have gone extinct in historic times. A Ciconia bone found in a rock shelter on the island of Réunion was probably of a bird taken there as food by early settlers; no known account mentions the presence of storks on the Mascarene Islands.
    Extant storks
    • Genus Mycteria
    o Milky stork, Mycteria cinerea
    o Yellow-billed stork, Mycteria ibis
    o Painted stork, Mycteria leucocephala
    o Wood stork, Mycteria americana
    • Genus Anastomus
    o Asian openbill, Anastomus oscitans
    o African openbill, Anastomus lamelligerus
    • Genus Ciconia
    o Abdim’s stork, Ciconia abdimii
    o Woolly-necked stork, Ciconia episcopus
    o Storm’s stork, Ciconia stormi
    o Maguari stork, Ciconia maguari
    o Oriental stork, Ciconia boyciana (formerly in C. ciconia)
    o White stork, Ciconia ciconia
    o Black stork, Ciconia nigra
    • Genus Ephippiorhynchus
    o Black-necked stork, Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
    o Saddle-billed stork, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
    • Genus Jabiru
    o Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria
    • Genus Leptoptilos
    o Lesser adjutant, Leptoptilos javanicus
    o Greater adjutant, Leptoptilos dubius
    o Marabou stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus
    Fossil storks
    • Genus Palaeoephippiorhynchus (fossil: Early Oligocene of Fayyum, Egypt)
    • Genus Grallavis (fossil: Early Miocene of Saint-Gérand-le-Puy, France, and Djebel Zelten, Libya) – may be same as Prociconia
    • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Ituzaingó Late Miocene of Paraná, Argentina)[note 1][7][8]
    • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Puerto Madryn Late Miocene of Punta Buenos Aires, Argentina)[note 2][8]
    • Genus Prociconia (fossil: Late Pleistocene of Brazil) – may belong to modern genus Jabiru or Ciconia
    • Genus Pelargosteon (fossil: Early Pleistocene of Romania)
    • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. – formerly Aquilavus/Cygnus bilinicus (fossil: Early Miocene of Břešťany, Czechia)
    • cf. Leptoptilos gen. et sp. indet. – formerly L. siwalicensis (fossil: Late Miocene? – Late Pliocene of Siwalik, India)[9]
    • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (fossil: Late Pleistocene of San Josecito Cavern, Mexico)[10]
    The fossil genera Eociconia (Middle Eocene of China) and Ciconiopsis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Patagonia, Argentina) are often tentatively placed with this family. A “ciconiiform” fossil fragment from the Touro Passo Formation found at Arroio Touro Passo (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) might be of the living wood stork M. americana; it is at most of Late Pleistocene age, a few 10,000s of years.[11]
    1. About the Wood Stork: Denizens of the Wetlands, Accessed on 13.12.2010
    2. HBW
    3. b Remsen, J. V., Jr.; C. D. Cadena; A. Jaramillo; M. Nores; J. F. Pacheco; M. B. Robbins; T. S. Schulenberg; F. G. Stiles; D. F. Stotz & K. J. Zimmer. 2007. A classification of the bird species of South America. South American Classification Committee. Retrieved on 15 October 2007
    4. Sibley, Charles G. and Burt L. Monroe. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of the Birds of the World. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-04969-2. Accessed 11 April 2007.
    5. Sibley, Charles G., and Jon E. Ahlquist. (1991) Phylogeny and Classification of Birds: A Study in Molecular Evolution. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-04085-7. Accessed 11 April 2007.
    6. Ericson, Per G. P.; Anderson, Cajsa L.; Britton, Tom; Elżanowski, Andrzej; Johansson, Ulf S.; Kallersjö, Mari; Ohlson, Jan I.; Parsons, Thomas J.; Zuccon, Dario & Mayr, Gerald (2006). “Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils”. Biology Letters 2 (4): 543–7. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. PMC 1834003. PMID 17148284. Electronic Supplementary Material
    7. Cione, Alberto Luis; de las Mercedes Azpelicueta, María; Bond, Mariano; Carlini, Alfredo A.; Casciotta, Jorge R.; Cozzuol, Mario Alberto; de la Fuente, Marcelo; Gasparini, Zulma; Goin, Francisco J.; Noriega, Jorge; Scillatoyané, Gustavo J.; Soibelzon, Leopoldo; Tonni, Eduardo Pedro; Verzi, Diego & Guiomar Vucetich, María (2000): Miocene vertebrates from Entre Ríos province, eastern Argentina. [English with Spanish abstract] In: Aceñolaza, F.G. & Herbst, R. (eds.): El Neógeno de Argentina. INSUGEO Serie Correlación Geológica 14: 191–237. PDF fulltext
    8. b Noriega, Jorge Ignacio & Cladera, Gerardo (2005): First Record of Leptoptilini (Ciconiiformes: Ciconiidae) in the Neogene of South America. Abstracts of Sixth International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution: 47. PDF fulltext
    9. Specimens BMNH 39741 (holotype, left proximal tarsometatarsus) and BMNH 39734 (right distal tibiotarsus). Similar to Ephippiorhynchus and Leptotilos, may be from a small female of Leptotilos falconeri, from L. dubius, or from another species: Louchart, Antoine; Vignaud, Patrick; Likius, Andossa; Brunet, Michel & and White, Tim D. (2005). “A large extinct marabou stork in African Pliocene hominid sites, and a review of the fossil species of Leptoptilos”. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50 (3): 549–563.
    10. Distal radius of a mid-sized Ciconia or smallish Mycteria: Steadman, David W.; Arroyo-Cabrales, Joaquin; Johnson, Eileen & Guzman, A. Fabiola (1994). “New Information on the Late Pleistocene Birds from San Josecito Cave, Nuevo León, Mexico”. Condor 96 (3): 577–589. doi:10.2307/1369460.
    11. Schmaltz Hsou, Annie (2007): O estado atual do registro fóssil de répteis e aves no Pleistoceno do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil [“The current state of the fossil record of Pleistocene reptiles and birds of Rio Grande do Sul”]. Talk held on 2007-JUN-20 at Quaternário do RS: integrando conhecimento, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. PDF abstract

    File: Dr.APIS.24.August@The.Stork.National.Bird.of.Ukraine
    Compiled For :
    Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Shardanagar; Tal. Baramati;
    Dist. Pune – 413115 (India).

    With the Best Compliments From: Shardanagar (The Agro – academic Heritage of Grandsire Padmashri Dr. D. G. Alias Appasaheb Pawar).



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